Drug Class: What is Cozaar an why is it prescribed?
Drug Mechanism: How does Cozaar work?
Dosage: How should you take Cozaar
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Cozaar
Special information on product_title
Cozaar side effects
|Drug Class: What is Cozaar an why is it prescribed?|
Cozaar (losartan) is used in the treatment of high blood pressure. Cozaar is effective when used alone or with other high blood pressure medications, such as diuretics that help the body get rid of water.
Cozaar is also used to slow the progress of kidney disease caused by type 2 diabetes (the type of diabetes that does not require insulin shots). It is the first of a new class of blood pressure medications called angiotensin II receptor antagonists. Cozaar works, in part, by preventing the hormone angiotensin II from constricting the blood vessels, which tends to raise blood pressure.
|Drug Mechanism: How does Cozaar work?|
|Cozaar (losartan) and its primary metabolite block the angiotensin receptor found in many tissues, primarily in vascular smooth muscle. Angiotensin, formed by the action of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), is a powerful chemical that causes blood vessel narrowing (vasoconstriction) which can lead to elevated blood pressure (hypertension).
|Dosage: How should you take Cozaar|
Cozaar Storage instructions
|Possible food and drug interactions when taking Cozaar|
| If Cozaar is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before taking Cozaar with the following:
Diuretics that leave potassium in the body, such as Aldactone, triamterene, and amiloride, Indomethacin (Indocin), Ketoconazole (Nizoral), Troleandomycin (Tao).
|Special information on product_title|
You must take Cozaar regularly for it to be effective. Since blood pressure declines gradually, it may be several weeks before you get the full benefit of Cozaar, and you must continue taking it even if you are feeling well. Cozaar does not cure high blood pressure; it merely keeps it under control.
Special precautions if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
Special warnings about Cozaar
Cozaar tends to increase the level of potassium in the blood. Check with your doctor before taking potassium supplements or using a salt substitute.
|Cozaar side effects|
| Side effects of Cozaar cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Cozaar.
More common side effects of Cozaar may include:
Cough, dizziness, upper respiratory infection. Less common and rare side effects may include:
Allergic reactions, back and leg pain, diarrhea, indigestion, insomnia, muscle cramps or pain, nasal congestion, rash, sinus problems, swelling of face, lips, throat, and tongue.
Other side effects, such as weakness and chest pain, have been reported by people taking Cozaar for diabetic kidney disease. Severe allergic reactions, including swelling of the face and throat, are also a possibility.
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